Whatever design period or style your landscape or garden came from, it all boils down to the fact that they make use of the same basic design principles. In order to bring about a well-designed garden it is important to pay close attention to its color and tone, texture, light and shade, space division, scale, and unity.
Garden designers must also pay close attention to seasonal changes as well as maturation of plants. Lastly, time is of the essence when it comes to garden design unlike other decorative and fine arts.
First, the aspect of unity will be discussed.
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Gardens nowadays typically lack the unity factor most likely because these days people are currently living in and influenced by the contemporary era. People are used to living hectic schedules that they only get to fix their gardens and lives as they go along. Nevertheless, when it comes to unity, it is more after the strength of the purpose or the totality of the garden design. Ensuring garden unity is not immediately obtained by making use of certain unifying elements such as texture and tone and color.
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Gardens of today have more of an inward look because not all people have the luxury to live in country estates where the horizon is seen over the hill. However, this does not mean that such gardens cannot be designed in a static or progressive manner. Leading the eyes down an axis is the goal of the progressive type of garden design. On the other hand, the static garden design is made on an open space in the center where the eye is able to focus to the rest of the garden.
The second factor that should be considered is scale.
Scale is crucial when it comes to your garden design whatever it may be. You should know that even an outdoor room will have to compete with the sky’s vastness. Ample proportion is always essential as well as familiarity with the laws of perspective. The human scale must be considered when it comes to defining the garden or landscape space. For your garden to relate more with other people, if you happen to have assets of enormous size such as gigantic trees, you should include a buffer or transition of medium scale.
Now there are two options when it comes to the scale of your garden design. You can choose to have all parts fit together as a whole. On the other hand, you may get to choose a part that dominates well on your entire garden. This is one method of creating a focal point. You should also consider the reaction that you get with your eyes. When you look down, your view is lengthened, whereas when you look uphill, your view is shortened. Blurring or enlarging of your garden boundaries is made possible by placing them in shaded areas.